Year: 1920 to Sep 1922

Maulana Mubarak Ali Sahib was born on January 1881, in the city of Bogra in Bangladesh. His father’s name was Arz Uddin.


Maulana Mubarak Ali did his initial studies within his village. Thereafter, got admission into a school in Bogra. He did so well in the entrance exam that he received a scholarship for his new school. In 1905, Mubarak Ali Sahib studied until his BA in the famous Presidency College situated in Kolkata.

Acceptance of Ahmadiyyat

Within this period, Maulana Mubarak Ali Sahib received a Review Of Religions magazine through someone and after reading it, he began the search for true Islam. His college used to receive multiple copies of this magazine, therefore, he used to read them with passion.

Ultimately in 1909, after the demise of the Promised Messiahas, Mubarak Ali Sahib travelled to Qadian and took the pledge of allegiance at the hand of Hazrat Khalifatul Masih Ira.

In 1911, Maulana Mubarak Ali Sahib became the headmaster of Chittagong Muslim High School. 1913 was the year when he made the decision to travel to Qadian. Whenever he used to travel back home, Maulana Mubarak Ali Sahib used to face a lot of opposition and cruelty from non-Ahmadis but despite everything, he stood firm in his belief.

Travel to England and Germany

In 1920, Maulana Mubarak Ali Sahibra received instructions to go to Nigeria for the propagation of Islam Ahmadiyyat. Therefore, he set sail towards London to stay before departing for Nigeria. This was the practice of the community to first send missionaries to the London mission it was the first established foreign mission, and it served as a training ground for the new missionaries.

His journey to Nigeria was delayed for various reasons, it was decided that he should remain in London and work there, until 1922. During his stay in London, Mubarak Ali Sahib delivered many lectures and also worked on the tarbiyyat of the Jammat members. Maulana Mubarak Ali Sahib was then instructed to travel to Germany. He ended up becoming the pioneer missionary sent to Germany. In Germany, he faced lots of opposition from Muslims, who called Ahmadi’s agents of the British and scoffed at the Ahmadiyya attempt to build a mosque.

Al Fazl, 28 August 1923 reports on guidance given by Hazrat Musleh-e-Maud’sra in relation to an allegation by the local Muslims. (Translated by AlHakam 5th July 2019)

“Dear Master [Maulvi Mubarak Ali] Sahib! Assalamo alaikum.

Alhamdolillah, the foundation stone for the mosque has been laid. I had a general idea of its occurrence, but I interpreted it according to what you wrote; the timings were not given in the initial telegram and were mentioned in the second.

When I heard that the Egyptian national delegation opposed this development when they came to know of it, I was astonished. What do they know about us?  I hope that you will have refuted their opposition.

At present, I do not have enough time, but next week, I shall write an article about it and dispatch it from here, in which the notion that we are the “agents” of the British shall be properly refuted.

I was surprised to hear of the objection regarding “Khalifatul Masih”. The word “masih” [messiah] is not as commonly used amongst Christians as is “Yasu” [Jesus]. “Masih” is a status rather than a name. This word is used both in Arabic and Hebrew and its meaning is “mamsuh”, i.e. whom God has blessed and placed His hands upon. Thus, what relation does it have with the Christians? Further, is the word “Khalifa” not enough to demonstrate that the word refers to the forthcoming Messiah who would be a Muslim? If we accept this objection that these people raise, we should also remain prepared, in future, when they object as to why Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmadas is called “Masih-e-Maud”. What connection does this have to Christianity?

If it is not objectionable to call Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad the “Masih”, then why is it objectionable to brand his successor Khalifatul “Masih”? Thus, altering the words “Khalifatul Masih” would be tantamount to showing that we are prepared to forsake the words “Masih-e-Maud” for Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmadas.

God Almighty has bestowed the name “Masih” upon the Imam of this age. Hence, his successor will be Khalifatul Masih. Those who fathom spiritual insights can understand that this word is not parallel to that of the Christians but is, on the contrary, a powerful weapon to shatter the false doctrines of Christianity.

I have come to understand from what you have written regarding politics that you have neither understood the manner in which the Jamaat is run nor are you well versed in politics yourself. As a result, you cannot satisfactorily reply to those who raise allegations. On no account do we claim that every Englishman ought to be supported, nor do we claim that the British government is perfect. The crux of what we say, rather, is that subjects of every country should respect their country’s laws and also that India benefitted to a great degree from the arrival of the English government. Since India has accepted the British government as rulers, offices can be taken by coming to a compromise with them in accordance with international law and a code of conduct.

Freedom is undoubtedly an admirable thing. However, are the Germans prepared to separate from the Rhine and Bavaria through a palisade? Was the war of Southern America lawful? Thinkers in Europe name it a struggle for freedom. If it was not, then why? Are the Germans now ready to make Hamburg and Berlin independent or have those who make tall claims of freedom deemed such struggles for these cities lawful? Or do they currently think it lawful? A principle should initially be established and then, all matters ought to be decided based on that principle. It should not be that there be a different law for others and another for yourselves.”

After attending the famous Wembley Conference of Religions in 1924, Hazrat Mubarak Ali Sahibra travelled back to India where he pursued a successful career as a teacher.

Maulana Maulvi Mubarak Ali Sahib Bengalira passed away on 1st November 1969 in his city Bogra.

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